Mandarins have their origin in southern Asia, probably in China or the Philippines, the first mandarins reached Europe in 1805, while their extensive production began in 1850 in Italy and Spain.
Mandarins prefer tropical and subtropical weather, Mandarin trees are more drought resistant than the sweet orange trees; however the tree and the fruit have a low tolerance to cold.
Mandarins have some disadvantages when it comes to exporting them to other countries:
- Poor holding capacity on the tree
- Tender peel, big issue concerning shipping
- Mandarin trees tends to alternate bearing
As they have become one of the most extensively consumed fruits, Post harvest treatments play a major role regarding exports.
Mandarins are non-climacteric fruit, which means they can only ripen on the tree, unlike apples or bananas that can ripen off the tree. Main production countries are China, Spain, Brazil, USA…
Mandarin´s health benefits
Among the multiple health benefits of mandarins, DECCO lists the following ones:
- Mandarins contain vitamins A, B and high levels of Vitamin C, a powerful antioxidant that prevents infections and it has a wonderful effect on your skin
- Citrus improves your vision and supports your immune system as it contains carotenoids beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin.
- Keep blood sugar balanced by slowing food absorption
- Mandarins contain potassium, which keeps blood moving smoothly and lowers blood pressure.
- During winter, mandarins fight off sniffles.
In addition, mandarins have a sweet, tender and soft taste that makes this fruit greatly consumed worldwide.
Mandarin post harvest potential
Due to the physical characteristics of mandarins, adequate post harvest treatments and proper handling techniques are required.
Mandarins travel great distances, the main production areas where exports are a major market are Spain, Brazil, USA, Morocco and South Africa. As mandarins are consumed globally, the fruit has to withstand tough situations that can danger its appearance and quality.
Therefore, attending the market needs of mandarins together with the poor physical resistance of the fruit, DECCO has developed a complete catalogue of Post harvest treatments for mandarins, which allows for consumption across the world at almost any time of the year.
Decco post harvest Treatments
DECCO has several products on the market that create fruit protection for mandarins, they can be divided among:
Post harvest Sanitizers for fruits, like Deccosan FH, formulated with hydrogen peroxide and peracetic acid.
Post Harvest Fungicides such as:
- Melanite: developed by Decco to control Geotrichum and is effective against Penicillium, which is made with Propiconazol.
- Deccofos: It works against Penicillium and in combination with other fungicides shows great synergies.
- Citrashine fusion: Post harvest wax, which provides a great control over weight loss and controls fruit ripening.
- Naturcover citrics: edible coating made from food additives that helps against loss weight, it is presented with two levels of shine: Natural and Shining
Overview global mandarin market
Mandarins have become a commodity for the vast majority of the population, they are broadly farmed, and production meets demand levels. Consumers do have the possibility of eating this fruit during the whole year, thanks to late varieties and the production of mandarins in both hemispheres.
Although, it is also true to say that there is a niche market for high quality fruit, where the price is not a problem and consumers are looking for good taste, flavor and odor, a highly informed consumer that seeks new food experiences.
A decrease in the volume of production is expected, the main reason is high temperatures, there will be an overlap of products from both hemispheres. It is expected that prices in China will rise as a consequence of greening.
There is expected to be a gap in Californian supply around February, that’s why Orri mandarins for Israel expect a good season.
Among citrus, mandarins are the most cultivated.
Halo and Cuties have experienced considerable growth.
Australian growers are switching to mandarins because it’s a lucrative crop. The export volume grew to 38%, to 64,755 tons (Best Australian partner is China).
Most important region is Queensland and one of the best performing varieties is the Murcott.
Drop in production due to greening and bad weather.
Packers are obtaining better margins thanks to e-Commerce.
Production prices are rising: Transport, raw materials and labor.
Imported mandarins are growing, best varieties: Jaffa (Israel), Orri, Australian Empress and ClemenGold from South Africa.
Great demand of kinnow mandarins for export.
Customers are looking for larger sizes, perfect for Ukraine and Russia.
Limited export because of lack in coloring, supply is expected to pick up in ten years.
The weather and the natural cycle of trees lower the production of this season.
Europe absorbs 70% of the production, production yields: 7700 acres.
Sharp drop in production and in quality because of heat, reduction of about 20%, total harvest 2 million tons.
Eastern region and the Marrakech area are the most affected ones.
Less quantity available to export thanks to heat and strict governmental requirements.
Weather, intense heat and summer droughts, lower the production from 20 up to 50%.
Greater prices, less production, about 30% in Castellon and Valencia.
Early varieties compete thanks to their quality: Okitsu, Iwasaki, Clemnrubi. Oronul, Lorentina, Arrufatina and Orogrande.
Good supply and stable markets, production from Florida and Texas as well as imports from Mexico.
Nightmare, school holidays and surplus in the market have resulted in lower prices.
Production of 2.4 million tons per year, the sector faces great challenges in distribution, storage and cultivation.
Market in infancy but growing greenhouse yields.
Even if a decrease in the production has been reported this year, overall production matches perfectly with existing demand. Mandarins with leaf, which are pretty popular during Christmas in Germany, are performing particularly well.
Mandarins imported from Morocco and Spain are widely available on the market, prices are 10 cts lower than weeks before however they are similar to previous years.
Clemenules can no longer make the trip, due to ripeness.
Lower prices than last year, Imports come from Morocco and Spain.
Moderate demand despite lower volume.
Good demand, increasing interest during Christmas period of Mandarins with leaf.
Market is dominated by Spanish suppliers, but Germans import from Italy and Morocco too.